Heart Disease

Apr 08, 2020 Allergies


Also called cardiovascular disease, any disorder of the heart can be termed as heart disease, and overall heart health. Generally refers to conditions involving blocked blood vessels that can lead to chest pain or a stroke. However, heart diseases also include conditions related to the heart's muscle, valves, or rhythm. Some conditions or diseases of the heart include:
  • Arrhythmias- Heart rhythm abnormality
  • Congenital heart defects- Heart defects you're born with
  • Coronary artery disease- Buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries
  • Atherosclerosis- Hardening of the arteries
  • Cardiomyopathy- The heart’s muscles harden or grow weak
  • Heart infections- Caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites


Risk factors or causes for developing heart disease include:
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Poor diet
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity.
  • Stress
  • Poor oral health
The symptoms differ depending on the different types of heart diseases. Also, they may be different for men and women. Men may feel pain in their chest while women might feel fatigued and discomfort in their chest. Symptoms can include:
  • Chest pain
  • Chest tightness
  • Chest pressure
  • Chest discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain and/or numbness in your legs or arms
  • Pain in the neck, upper abdomen, or back
Until you have a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure, cardiovascular diseases are rarely diagnosed. It's important to watch for cardiovascular symptoms including

Abnormal heartbeats (heart arrhythmias)

  • Fluttering in your chest
  • Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
Congenital heart defects- defects you're born with:
  • Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis)
  • Swelling around the eyes, legs, abdomen
  • In an infant, shortness of breath, poor weight gain
Congenital heart defects symptoms that usually aren't immediately life-threatening include:
  • Short of breath
  • Feeling tired
  • Swelling in the hands, ankles, or feet

Weak heart muscle (dilated cardiomyopathy)

You may have no symptoms in the early stages but develop symptoms as the condition worsens:
  • Breathlessness
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting

Heart infections

Endocarditis affects the endocardium, the inner membrane that separates the chambers and valves of the heart. Symptoms may include
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • Dry or persistent cough
  • Skin rashes

Valvular heart disease

Valvular heart disease symptoms generally depend on the valve that isn't working properly, symptoms may include:
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting (syncope)
If you or someone around you feel these heart disease symptoms, seek medical care immediately:
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting
Heart disease is easier to treat if timely detected. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle especially if you have a family history of heart disease.


Always discuss your health concerns with a medical professional.

Although heart disease treatment largely depends on the type and how far it has advanced. Certain types of heart disease can't be prevented. However, following healthy lifestyle habits, practicing holistic treatments and regular medication can prevent and even improve heart disease.
  • Quit smoking
  • Control other health conditions
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthily
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress
  • Practice good hygiene
It’s important to take charge of your overall health. Holistic treatments can help you identify, prevent and maintain your heart symptoms and health.
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